effect of molybdenum addition on aluminium grain refined by

Effect of molybdenum additions on the microstructures and ...

@article{osti_1439854, title = {Effect of molybdenum additions on the microstructures and corrosion behaviours of 316L stainless steel-based alloys}, author = {Rahman, T. and Ebert, W. L. and Indacochea, J. E.}, abstractNote = {Alloys were made by alloying 5, 10, 15, 17.5, and 20 wt % Mo with Type 316L stainless steel. Sigma phases containing 21–29 wt % Mo formed along the austenite grain ...

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Effect of Vanadium Addition to Aluminum and Aluminum Grain ...

The paper presents the effect of vanadium addition to aluminum and aluminum grain refined by titanium on the micron level, in the range from 0.005 wt % to 0.236 wt %, on their corrosion resistance in acidic solution, HCl, at three different temperatures namely: 25 °C, 40 °C and 60 °C. It was found that the corrosion rate was slightly increased by the addition of any percentage of vanadium ...

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US20020048529A1 - Grain-refined austenitic manganese steel ...

The austenitic manganese steel includes, in weight percentages, the following: about 11.0% to 24.0% manganese, about 1.0% to 1.4% carbon, up to about 1% silicon, up to about 1.9% chromium, up to about 0.25% nickel, up to about 1.0% molybdenum, up to about 0.2% aluminum, up to about 0.25% copper, phosphorus and sulfur present as impurities in ...

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Molybdenum processing | Britannica

Molybdenum processing, preparation of the ore for use in various products.. Molybdenum (Mo) is a white platinum-like metal with a melting point of 2,610 °C (4,730 °F). In its pure state, it is tough and ductile and is characterized by moderate hardness, high thermal conductivity, high resistance to corrosion, and a low expansion coefficient.

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Overview of Molybdenum in Biology - IMOA

Overview of Molybdenum in Biology. Current knowledge of the physiological effects of molybdenum, its environmental impact and its toxicology is surveyed with the object of assessing and defining both its essentiality as a trace metal and any hazards which may arise from the exposure of human beings and animals to molybdenum and its compounds.

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Molybdenum alloying in high-performance flat-rolled steel ...

Jan 09, 2020· Grain refinement is the dominating effect. Low coiling temperature and the addition of molybdenum further promote the strength contribution by grain refinement. Molybdenum enhances the contributions from dislocation density and precipitation at lower coiling temperature whereas the formation of MA-phase is promoted at higher coiling temperature.

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Molybdenum: effects on health and the environment-Metalpedia

Molybdenum: effects on health and the environment; Health benefits of molybdenum; Molybdenum is a trace mineral that provides a number of health benefits.; Helps fight anemia; Anemia is characterized by a lack of healthy red blood cells which are responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body.

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Modification and Refinement of Aluminum-Silicon Alloys ...

The addition of certain elements, such as calcium, sodium, strontium, and antimony, to hypoeutectic aluminum-silicon alloys results in a finer lamellar or fibrous eutectic network. It is also understood that increased solidification rates are useful in providing similar structures. There is, however, no agreement on the mechanisms involved.

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Effects of Ti addition and reheating quenching on grain ...

Feb 01, 2012· Steel with 0.15% Ti addition can be obviously refined after certain reheating temperature and its grain sizes reheated at 900 °C, 1000 °C are 8.1 μm, 10.7 μm, respectively. Meanwhile, blocks in the martensitic structure are equiaxed; the corresponding EGS which in fact describes the block size can be refined to 4.6 μm and 7.9 μm.

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CA2410558C - Grain-refined austenitic manganese steel ...

The austenitic manganese steel includes, in weight percentages, the following: about 11.0 % to 24.0% manganese, about 1.0% to 1.4% carbon, up to about 1% silicon, up to about 1.9% chromium, up to about 0.25% nickel, up to about 1.0% molybdenum, up to about 0.2% aluminum, up to about 0.25% copper, phosphorus and sulfur present as impurities in ...

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Molybdenum - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Molybdenum is well known as a β-stabilizing element in titanium alloys. The critical minimum molybdenum content required to retain β in Ti–Mo binary alloys on water quenching is at 10% for small samples (Table 7.9).By arbitrarily using this critical minimum molybdenum content as a point of reference, a single β phase stability parameter, designated molybdenum equivalent (Mo-Eq), was ...

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Key Properties and Effects of Common Steel Alloying Agents

Aug 06, 2019· Aluminum (0.95-1.30%): A deoxidizer. Used to limit the growth of austenite grains. Boron (0.001-0.003%): A hardenability agent that improves deformability and machinability. Boron is added to fully killed steel and only needs to be added in very small quantities to have a hardening effect. Additions of boron are most effective in low carbon steels.

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CA2410558C - Grain-refined austenitic manganese steel ...

The austenitic manganese steel includes, in weight percentages, the following: about 11.0 % to 24.0% manganese, about 1.0% to 1.4% carbon, up to about 1% silicon, up to about 1.9% chromium, up to about 0.25% nickel, up to about 1.0% molybdenum, up to about 0.2% aluminum, up to about 0.25% copper, phosphorus and sulfur present as impurities in ...

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Grain Refinement of Aluminum Casting Alloys

cast aluminum is grain refined. MEASUREMENT OF GRAIN SIZE To determine grain size one obtains a sample and produces a smooth surface on one side. This may be done in the laboratory using standard metallographic techniques. However, another procedure is more convenient with large samples; for example, when cutting through the middle of a casting.

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(PDF) Effect of molybdenum addition on microstructure and ...

Dwivedi et al. - Effect of Molybdenum Addition on Mic rostructure and Mechanical . 277 The Mo addition to the weld metal res ults in a continuous increase in microhardness of the weld bea d.

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Comparison between Mo Addition to Al Grain Refined by Ti ...

In this paper, comparison between Molybdenum addition to commercially pure aluminum grain refined by Ti and Ti+B on its grain size and mechanical characteristics both in the cast and after pressing by the ECAP process is investigated and the obtained results are presented and discussed.

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(PDF) Comparison between Mo Addition to Zinc Aluminum ...

In this paper the effect of molybdenum addition diagram to zinc 22 wt. % aluminum, ZA22, alloy grain refined by Ti-B at a rate of 0.1 wt. %, which corresponds to the peretictic point on the Al-Zn ...

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Importance of Grain Refinement and Modification of ...

refined by Al-1.2Ti-0.5B, 50 ppm Ti addition Accordingly, a set of grain refiner i.e. flux binary and ternary are schematically illustrated through a figure and following these it is shown that how macrostructure of aluminium samples grain refined with Al-1.2Ti-0.5B alloy addition using the above test and withdrawn at various intervals of ...

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Effects of Ti addition and reheating quenching on grain ...

Feb 01, 2012· Steel with 0.15% Ti addition can be obviously refined after certain reheating temperature and its grain sizes reheated at 900 °C, 1000 °C are 8.1 μm, 10.7 μm, respectively. Meanwhile, blocks in the martensitic structure are equiaxed; the corresponding EGS which in fact describes the block size can be refined to 4.6 μm and 7.9 μm.

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Effect of Mo Addition to ZA22 Grain Refined by Ti and Ti-B ...

Equal channel angular pressing, ECAP, is relatively a recent severe plastic deformation process which is carried out on materials to grain refine their structure. In this paper, the effect of addition of Mo to ZA22 on the maximum pressing force and the work consumed after the ECAP process is investigated and the obtained results are presented and discussed.

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Mechanical properties and strengthening mechanism of the ...

Jun 01, 2020· The α-Al 2 O 3 ceramic refined the molybdenum grains and remarkably increased the microhardness, elastic modulus, and yield strength. The yield strength of the alloy reached a peak value when the α-Al 2 O 3 ceramic content was 1.28 vol% and increased by 61.07%–90.2% compared with that of pure molybdenum after annealing at 1000 °C-1300 °C.

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Effect of Chromium and Molybdenum Addition on the ...

Dec 16, 2020· In situ TiC-reinforced composite surface layers (TRLs) were produced on a ductile cast iron substrate by laser surface alloying (LA) using pure Ti powder and mixtures of Ti-Cr and Ti-Mo powders. During LA with pure Ti, the intensity of fluid flow in the molten pool, which determines the TRL's compositional uniformity, and thus Ti content in the alloyed zone, was directly affected by the ...

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Molybdenum – Healthy

Dec 06, 2000· The amount in food may be increased a hundredfold with molybdenum-rich soil; in certain areas, hard water may contain some molybdenum. Soft water and refined foods contain hardly any. Whole grains, particularly the germ, usually have substantial amounts; oats, buckwheat, and wheat germ are some examples of grains containing molybdenum.

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How is Molybdenum Used in Modern Industries

Molybdenum has good electrical conductivity and high temperature resistance. The coefficient of thermal expansion is similar to that of glass. It is widely used in the manufacture of core wires, lead wires and hooks for spiral filament. In addition, molybdenum wire is also ideal electrode wire for WEDM. It can cut various kinds of steel and ...

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21 Chemical Elements and Effects on Steel Mechanical ...

Oct 13, 2015· Molybdenum has effects similar to manganese and vanadium, and is often used in combination with one or the other. This element is a strong carbide former and is .

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Grain Refinement - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Grain refinement has been combined with the NRC method of feedstock production (108,109) The addition of Al–5Ti–1B chemical grain refinement into aluminum alloy Al–7Si–0.4 Mg reduces the size of the grains where the system requires a high melt pouring temperature. The reaction of grain refiner in this case was found to depend not only ...

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US3026197A - Grain-refined aluminum-iron alloys - Google ...

US3026197A US798313A US79831359A US3026197A US 3026197 A US3026197 A US 3026197A US 798313 A US798313 A US 798313A US 79831359 A US79831359 A US 79831359A US 3026197 A US3026197 A US 3026197A Authority US United States Prior art keywords alloys percent grain aluminum boron Prior art date 1959-02-20 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not .

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Metallurgy of Mo in Stainless Steel

The addition of one or two percent molybdenum to ferritic stainless steels also significantly increases the corrosion resistance and the elevated temperature strength of these stainless steels. Fig 2: Adding 8% nickel to a ferritic chromium stainless steel makes an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel, for example Type 304 stainless steel.

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Effects of Common Alloying Elements in Steel

Molybdenum (MO) Increases strength, hardness, hardenability, and toughness, as well as creep resistance and strength at elevated temperatures. It improves machinability and resistance to corrosion and it intensifies the effects of other alloying elements. In hot-work steels and high speed steels, it increases red-hardness properties. Nickel (NI)

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Metallurgy of Mo in Stainless Steel

The addition of one or two percent molybdenum to ferritic stainless steels also significantly increases the corrosion resistance and the elevated temperature strength of these stainless steels. Fig 2: Adding 8% nickel to a ferritic chromium stainless steel makes an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel, for example Type 304 stainless steel.

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